communities provide the basis for all social life. Villages
are small communities that can be called a peasant society.
In a defined geographical area, from a few dozen to hundreds
of families live in residential clusters surrounded by
agricultural and pasture land. Such settlements take their
names from those of important deities, or of a founder or
his ancestor, or even on the basis of the area's
geographical or social characteristics.
Rajasthan has over 35,000 villages with varying
populations of between 100 and 5,000 people, with
1,000-2,000 persons being the average. Villages can be
spotted from highways to which they are usually connected by
narrow roads. From the distance, old, large trees can be
seen. Villages are often located near village ponds or
talabs that provide the source of water for cattle, for
their residents' bathing, and sometimes for irrigation.
Such villages are usually pastoral communities, and the
presence of a village is heralded by the presence, on its
outskirts, of cows, buffaloes, sheep, goats, camels, and
other domestic animals.